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Vocabulary list Definitions

Chapter 3-4 Earth’s moon

Pages 30-33

1) highlands Mountain ranges on the moon
2) maria Low land plains on the moon - caused by volcanoes and moonquakes
3) rilles Valleys on the moon (both rilles and valleys have two ll's)
4) perigee When the moon is closest to Earth in its orbit (pretty close)
5) apogee When the moon is farthest to Earth in its orbit (away)
6) moon’s period of rotation 27.3 days - same as its revolution
7) moon’s period of revolution 27.3 days - same as its rotation
8) Neil Armstrong 1st person to walk on the moon (1969)
9) Buzz Aldrin 2nd person to walk on the moon (1969)
10) Galileo Galilei 1st person to view the moon through a telescope (1609)
Answer on Index cards:
11) Compare the moon’s gravity   to Earth’s gravity. Gravity is Earth’s gravity – Objects weigh much less on the moon.  Objects on Earth are six times heavier than on the moon.
12) How did scientists figure out the distance from Earth to the moon? Scientists left a mirror on the moon to help them calculate the distance from Earth to the moon. They knew how fast light travels (the speed of light), they bounced a beam of light from earth to the moon and timed how long it took to get back

 

13) Describe the main theory of how the moon was created.

About 4.5 billion years ago the solar system was filled with rocky debris.  A giant asteroid (the size of Mars) hit the Earth and tore a chunk out of Earth’s surface. The Chunk is now our moon (All the pieces merged together and stayed in orbit due to Earth’s Gravity.) The hole that was left on Earth is now possibly the Pacific Ocean. This is also supported by moon rocks.
 

14) How might the moon’s craters and rilles have formed?
 
It is believed that they formed by either volcanic activity or moonquakes. The craters have volcanic rock in them which supports the theory that volcanoes were responsible.  Moonquakes would also cause volcanic eruptions and they could explain the long valleys, Rilles, on the moon.