Name:             ___________________________                                                      Date: ______

Study Guide for Test on Heat, Energy, Wind and Water cycle             Period: ___

 23) Explain when a land breeze and sea breeze will occur and why – be specific – make sure you use air-pressure in your explanation. Sea Breeze – happens during the day.  It happens during the day because the land heats up much quicker and the air over the land has less pressure than the air over the ocean.  So wind blows from the ocean toward the land (high to low pressure) Land Breeze – happens during the night.  The land loses heat faster than the air above the water.  So the air above the water has lower pressure (because it is warmer) and the wind will blow from the Land toward the water (high to low pressure) 24) What is the Coriolis Effect? The way the global winds curve due to the Earth’s rotation. 25) Name all the Global Wind Belts.  Know at which latitudes they occur and which direction they blow.  Be able to fill out the chart. 90 º        Polar Easterlies 60 º        Prevailing Westerlies 30 º      Horse Latitudes        Trade Winds  0 º        Doldrums        Trace Winds 30 º     Horse Latitudes      Prevailing Westerlies 60 º        Polar Easterlies 90 º 26)  What are the two calm areas? Doldrums and Horse Latitudes 27) What are Jet Streams? – How fast do they blow? Where are they located? They are bands of high speed wind about 10km above the Earth (bottom of the stratosphere) blowing at about 200-400 km per hour.  They blow from west to east. 28) What is the water cycle? – Name all the processes involved: The continuous movement of water among Earth’s atmosphere, to the land’s surface and back again. The processes are: Evaporation, Condensation, and precipitation along with, perspiration, transpiration, surface runoff and groundwater. 29) The process where water vapor changes to a liquid is called: Condensation 30) The process where liquid water changes to a vapor is called: Evaporation 31) The process where clouds become too saturated and water falls back to Earth is called: Precipitation 32) The process where water is released through the pores of animals is called: Perspiration 33) The process where water is released through the pores of plants is called: Transpiration 34) Water that cannot soak into Earth’s pores and runs along the land is called: Surface Runoff 35) Water that soaks into the land and is trapped below the surface is called: Groundwater 36) The point at which condensation begins is called the: Dew Point